Bhakti Yoga – the path of Love and Devotion

We see love everywhere around us. Whatever in society is good and sublime is the working of that love; whatever in society is bad, nay diabolical, is also the ill-directed working out of the same emotion of love.

By its nature, love offers both fulfillment and the empowerment to become an instrument of change for ourselves, the people around us, and our environment. It help us in pursuing our heart’s deepest calling, to discover the beauty of our own true Self and appreciate life’s miracles every moment

All the twists of life lead to the simple and ageless truth – our countless desires, our insatiable longings, our fleeting gratifications and our inevitable frustrations arise from a single origin: we’ve forgotten the true understanding of love that lies dormant within us. Discovering and reawakening that love is the greatest need of this time. In the Indian philosophies, this path to rediscover love is termed as ‘Bhakti Yoga – the Yoga of love’. We often limit the understanding of Yoga as a certain kind of physical practice, but the word itself means “a joining” or “union”. Ultimately all yoga practice aims at helping us unite with the truth of who we are as pure spiritual beings.

In Indian philosophies, Love in its most gross form is called Kama (desire or lust). Kama is the basic innate feeling that we all possess. When feeling of sacrifice is added to Love it becomes Prema. In prema we do not expect anything in return. It is a language of the heart. Prema brings satisfaction and it calms down the mind. Purification of prema takes us to Bhakti. In prema we only give up material things; but when we also surrender ourselves i.e. our ego and attachments, we rise to the level of Bhakti. In Bhakti, we surrender ourselves totally; not only at the physical level, but also mentally and intellectually. Hence, Bhakti is the state where there is no separation of thoughts, feelings and actions from the ultimate ‘Supreme Consciousness’. 

“Bhakti is intense love to God. When a man gets it, he loves all, hates none; he is ever contented” – Narada Bhakti Sutra

In scriptures such as Bhagavad Gita, Ramayana and the Bhagavata, ‘Bhakti’ is most glorified as the means to achieve Yoga. A belief in the grace of ‘Supreme Being’ and in the possibility of getting liberated (with the help of His grace) is the only qualification needed to be able to march on this path. There are also few thorns in the path of Bhakti. These thorns may come to the practitioner as his own inner enemies in form of lust, anger and pride. The self-arrogating little ego persists and resists again and again. It clings like a leech – to its old habits, cravings and desires. In Bhakti Yoga the central secret is to know that the various passions, feeling, emotions in the human heart are not wrong in themselves. Emotion can take different forms. It can take positive, sweet and wonderful forms; it can also take absolutely negative, nasty and horrendous forms. They have to be carefully controlled and channelized to a higher direction, until they attain the very highest condition of excellence.

Bhakti Yoga is thus the science of emotion culture. It does not say, “Give up”; it only says “Love; love the Highest!” and everything low naturally falls off. When the moon shines brightly, all the stars become dim; and when the sun shines, the moon herself becomes dim. Operating on our emotions, purifying our emotions, raising ourselves from kama to prema, from prema to Bhakti, culminating in Self-realization, in total attunement to that Divinity; to Reality itself. It unites the lover (the devotee) with the beloved (the Divine).

Who is God? –is our mother, our father, has an all pervading presence, refereed as – ‘God’ or ‘the Lord’ or ‘the Supreme’ or ‘the Almighty’ or ‘the Divine’ etc, can have a face of both feminine and masculine, who is more than you and I can imagine, who cannot be confined by our limited conceptions, or religion, or language or intellect!

In this era of science and technology, we develop ourselves predominantly at the intellectual (left-brain) level. The right-brain related emotions are hardly trained. During emotional onslaughts we often find ourselves tossed up and down leading to stress and depression. We lack concern and love for others; we want everything for ourselves. Our heart is yet to blossom in comparison to our head; until that happens we are limiting ourselves only as intellectually-rational animals. Bhakti Yoga is a boon in nurturing the right-brain, helping in gaining control over emotional instabilities by properly harnessing the energies involved; raising us to the highest levels of universal brotherhood and oneness.

Yoga in Bhagavad Gita

The term Bhagavad Gita, means ‘The Eternal Song’ and is the very essence of ‘Mahabharata’ – an ancient Indian epic poem. It has 700 verses covered in 18 chapters. Each chapter is called ‘Yoga’ – the science of individual consciousness attaining communion with the Ultimate Consciousness. Each chapter is a highly specialized Yoga revealing the path of attaining realization with the Ultimate Truth. The first six chapters have been classified as the ‘Karma Yoga’ section – dealing with the science of attaining communion ‘through actions’. The next six are designated as ‘Bhakti Yoga’ section – attaining this communion travelling the ‘path of devotion’. The final six chapters are regarded as ‘Jnana Yoga’ section- the science of this communion ‘through the intellect’.

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ShatKarma – The Six Yogic cleansing

Those shatkarma which effect purification of the body are secret. They have manifold, wondrous results and are held in high esteem by eminent yogis.

Hatha Yoga Pradipika 2:23

The first step to gain mastery in Yoga is through purifying the body of toxins. Shatkarma (sometimes referred as Shatkriya) consist of six groups of purification practices. ‘Shat’ means ‘six’ and ‘Karma’ or ‘Kriya’ means ‘art’ or ‘process’. The word kriya or karma is used in Hatha Yoga in a special technical sense regarding the techniques of cleaning. The practice of shatkarma is also used to balance the internal disorders (doshas) of the body i.e. kapha – mucus, pitta– bile, and vata – wind. According to both Ayurveda and Hatha yoga, an imbalance in the doshas results in illness. The aim of Hatha Yoga and, therefore, of the shatkriyas is creating harmony within the major energy channels (ida & pingla) thereby attaining physical and mental balance.

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Ayurveda and Yoga

Ayurveda is the most ancient science of all the medical sciences. Like Yoga, it is also based on Samkhya philosophy of creation and manifestation.

The union of body, sense organs, mind and soul is called ‘Ayu‘; ‘Veda‘ means knowledge. Thus, ayurveda is the ‘science of health’, ‘science of longevity’, ‘science of life’. Ayurveda therefore is not simply a health care system but a form of lifestyle adopted to maintain perfect balance and harmony within the human existence i.e. from the most abstract transcendental values to the most concrete physiological expressions based on premise that life represents an intelligent coordination of the soul, mind, senses and physical body.

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Yogic Diet – The Concept

Dieting is catching up around the world. ‘To Diet’ – is more popular for better looks than for sound health. High calorie junk foods are shunned. A struggle between the palate and the desire to slim down continues.

The Yogic concept of food however, takes into consideration the total dimension of human existence. Yoga believes, apart from the atoms and molecules of which our gross physical body is made, we possess prana, mind, intellect, emotions and the spiritual dimensions. Yoga is the process by which we bring an integration of the entire personality at all these levels. If the stamina of the body is to be developed, the prana should be brought to a harmonious balance, the mind should be calmed down, the emotion should be stabilized and the intellect should be under total control.

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Samkhya Philosophy – Theory of Yoga

Samkhya means ‘right knowledge’; it also means ‘numbers’. Samkhya is one of the oldest systems of Indian philosophy. It occupies a unique place among the six systems of Indian philosophy. Almost all branches of Indian literature reflect the influence of Samkhya Philosophy. This system is sometimes, described as the ‘atheistic Yoga’ as distinguished from Yoga Philosophy, which is also referred as ‘Theistic Samkhya. This system is accepted as the main opponent of Vedanta Philosophy which is a non-dualistic philosophy; whereas, Samkhya maintains a clear-cut dualism between Purusha (Pure Consciousness, soul) and Prakriti (nature, manifested being, mind-body complex); further maintains the plurality of Purusha, and is silent on God. It is often also referred as pluralistic spiritualism, an atheistic realism and uncompromising dualism.

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International Day of Yoga 2019

International Day of Yoga (IDY), is celebrated annually on 21 June since its inception in 2015. The idea of International Day of Yoga was formally proposed by the current Prime Minister of India, Shri Narendra Modi during his speech at the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA), on 27 September 2014. He stated;

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Yoga as Therapy

Yoga is science of life carrying in it the mystery of conservation of health and complete transformation of life. Its techniques offer remedies of health and hygiene chiefly because these are half therapy. Yogic therapy contributes to the integration of personality through healthy body and mind with minimum of time, effort and expense. This is attained by promotive, preventive and curative methods. Whereas Promotive methods bring in homeostatic functioning in the body, Preventive methods protect individuals from exposure to bad influences and Curative methods bring cure in the disturbed psychophysiological function.

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Hatha Yoga – Meaning and Purpose

Hatha Yoga is one of the first types of Yoga with which people have become acquainted world over. Most of the physical formats of Yoga as are popular today are all types of Hatha Yoga. The word ‘hatha’ consists of two seed words – ‘ha’ (sun) means ‘prana’ or energy flowing within the body and ‘tha’ (moon) means the mind or mental energy. Hatha means to bring balance in the energies of the sun and moon, or unify the vital energy of the body with the mental energy.

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Meditation is Yoga – a tranquilizer

Thoughts come from the minute we wake up until the minute we fall asleep, and even after that they are in our dreams. We undeniably need voluntary thinking, but how to silence involuntary thoughts – thoughts that brings down efficiency, is the cause of stress, anxiety and depression!

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