Yoga in ‘Char Dham’- the four abodes of God

We human beings are amusing creatures; trapped within the illusions of our own mental prison! We surround ourselves with umpteen materialistic milestones in a bid to achieve a sense of success and satisfaction. Our eternal industry seems to revolve around being socially worthy in terms of those material achievements. And yet, we seem to be forever searching for something more… We are forever on the move, achieving one goal after another, not feeling the adrenaline rush that we were expecting on achievement of our goals. What is the reason that this quest for peace and happiness are always elusive? We will need to travel back in time to understand this elusive nature of human being’s spiritual progression.

Indian philosophies articulate the goals of humankind as ‘Purusharthas’ – the blueprint for the fulfillment of human birth. Purusha is the individual, and Artha signifies the objective, meaning, or pursuit of that individual. The four stages of Purusharthas are Dharma (Righteousness), Artha (pursuit of material Wealth), Kama (fulfillment of Desires) and Moksha (Liberation). To reach the ultimate destination of ‘Moksha’, the barrier of the first three aspects of life must be crossed. Therefore, while the race for material possessions that humankind indulges in is required, peace can only be achieved when we break free of this cycle to amass physical wealth and strive towards self-knowledge, leading to self-realization. But how do we achieve freedom from worldly attractions, and how do we work towards self-realization and ultimate salvation?

The ‘Char Dham’ pilgrimage marks a special significance amongst spiritual seekers as it is considered as one of the ways of reaching this stage of liberation. The literal meaning of ‘Char Dham’ is ‘four abodes or seats of God’. The actual ‘Char Dhams’, or abodes of God, as coined by Indian Sage and philosopher Sri Adi Shankaracharya, are situated in the four directions of India – Badrinath in the North, Puri in the East, Rameshwaram in the South and Dwarka in the West. There is also a ´Chhota Char Dham´, or a smaller circuit, comprising of four famous holy destinations in the north of India, namely Yamuotri, Gangotri, Kedarnath and Badrinath. They represent all three major sects of Hinduism i.e. ‘Vaishnava’, ‘Shaiva’ and ‘Shakta’ traditions. Seated in the backdrop of epic, mythology and culture, these destinations attract millions of pilgrims every year; some, walking barefoot on the sheer wings of faith.

The pilgrimage starts with Yamunotri Dham, the source of the sacred Yamuna River. It is believed that anyone taking a dip in the Yamuna achieves salvation. From the origin of the Yamuna, pilgrims walk to the origin of the Ganga river – the Gangotri and Gomukh. The story goes that King Bhagirath meditated for thousands of years to bring the river Ganga to earth and grant life to his children. The Ganga is believed to be so holy that one dip in her waters is supposed to wash all sins of believers.

Shri Kedarnath, a prominent pilgrimage and one of the twelve ‘Jyotirlingas’ (Radiance of Lord Shiva), is the next stop of this pilgrimage. The present temple here was built by Adi Shankaracharya, and stands adjacent to the site of an earlier temple built by the Pandavas.

Shri Badrinath is considered as the most sacred among the four shrines. It also forms a part of the larger Char Dham circuit. The shrine of Lord Badrinath is made of Shaligrama, a highly sacred stone, worshipped for six values of life – righteous living, creation of wealth, protection, sound health, pleasures and spiritual attainment. The Badrinath temple opens only for six months and is closed during winters. A small lamp is always left burning inside the temple, and is found burning even when the temple is reopened after six months of winter. Also, the flowers that are offered to the deity in the temple remain fresh during this time. This is considered a miracle. This region is also believed to have witnessed the Adi Shankaracharya attaining freedom from the process of reincarnation.

Nestled in the lap of the mighty and mesmerizing Himalayas, the ‘Char Dham’ journey truly opens the traveler to the minuteness of human existence and spirit. The sheer altitude of the mountains, lush green forests and the freshness in the unadulterated atmosphere with the thick layer of soul-soothing air of divinity crafts a perfect meditative atmosphere.

This phenomenal journey also trials the seeker in countless ways. Human frailness comes to fore as the multitude of furious rivers. The known appear unfamiliar; strength is tested to limits. And when one is on the verge of defeat, a stranger lends an encouraging hand. The simplest gets hardest and the hardest part of the journey brings calmness. In the silence of nature, thoughts start clamoring for attention; and amidst the loud drumming of bells and chants it gets still as the stretches of eternally frozen glaciers. Treading these routes, in this quest towards salvation, one travels to the unexplored places within; uncovering one’s TRUE SELF! … Isn’t that what Yoga is really all about??

This journey is incomplete without the mention of Dheersingh ji (the man in pic)
Himalayas represent nothing less than the crowning apex of nature’s grandeur. It’s laden with adventure & scenic magnificence. But, it also tests your mettle against some of the most treacherous & crisscrossed tricky terrain. The single-lanes, steep cliff, unpaved passes have absolutely no runoff and no guardrail for if one gaffes. A flash’s slip-up means you’ll be tumbling down thousands of feet, never to be heard from again!
Dheersingh’s flawless and vigilant driving skills is the reason I am still around 😉 Being his co-driver, I also picked up a few mountain driving tricks…
1. Use 2nd gear while ascending; it gives enough low end grunt to the vehicle
2. While descending again use the 2nd or the 3rd Gear to have better control of the Vehicle & Engine breaking will be on your side for need for a sudden halt
3. The most sensitive part – Chamber or the Sump needs to be kept away from the nasty stones and bumps on the road.
4. On the widening roads always anticipate by looking at the Road as far as you can especially when going downhill as reversing a Car uphill on a narrow Road with a steep fall on one side can become somewhat of a task. It’s better to just stop at a broader part of the Road to let the vehicle pass.
5. Never overtake anything on a blind curve. It’s better to be late than never!!!


Glimpse into ‘Yoga Philosophy’

Yoga provides fulfillment, removes illusions, death and birth, unhealthy condition of body and provides happiness; bringing high spirit, keen intellect and perfection in the practitioner. This path to excellence is illuminated in Yoga Philosophy based on ‘The Yogasutra of Patanjali’.

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Pranayama – The Breath of Yoga!

There is an invariable connection between the mind and breathing. Every state of mind is reflected by a corresponding change in the breathing pattern. Researches have shown when mind is disturbed, breath also gets disturbed. This imbalance in breathing disturbs the physiological functions and overtime become pathological. Disease such as asthma, hypertension, irritable bowel syndrome, migraine, hyperacidity etc is the results of such imbalances. Such diseases further disturb the mind and so the breath in turn; and the feedbacks continue aggravating the disease status. This vicious cycle can be cut by either pharmacological interventions or simple Yoga Techniques.

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